Queen Victoria

The young princess Victoria, strictly confined within the boundaries of Kensington Palace,
if being moulded for her awesome future as Queen of England. Surrounded by her dolls and
closely guarded by her domineering mother and faithful governess, she slowly becomes aware
of the bitter conflicts that surround her.

The jealous and scheming Duke of Cumberland if a constant threat to her rightful
accession… her mother’s sinister friend, Sir John Conroy,makes her uneasy.. and the
bickering between her mother and the king seems neverending.

Growing up is proving difficult for the princess. She longs for her eighteenth birthday
when at last she will be free to rule the nation as she pleases and to re-acquaint herself
with the gallant Prince Albert.

The Rural Revolution:Feast and Famine

The Rural Revolution:Feast and Famine
Oats:A grain,which in England is generally given to horses, but in Scotland supports the people.
(Samuel Johnson, A dictionary of the English Language,1755)

When Queen Victoria came to the throne in 1837,Britain was in the midst of one of the many
transitional periods that were to take place during her reign.Working the land remained one
of the most common ways for Britons to earn a living, yet with compulsory education still
far off on the horizon, a quarter of the population was living in poverty, with 40 per cent
of the coutry’s wealth owned by 5 per cent of the population .Britain was still feeling the
effects of a war that had ended 20 years previously .The Napoleonic Wars had made it
impossible to import corn from Europe,resulting in the expansion of British wheat farming
and , for the landowner and farmer, an ear of advancing progress and affluence.
Corn bultivation was on the increase.There had been huge improvements in machinery and
farming implements: fields had been divided into a convenient workable size; drainage had
been innovated;roads had been constructed and farm buildings erected. Investments were
free-flowing and profits were rising, but for labourers and farm servants rents were rising
and bread prices were soaring.

When the Napoleonic conflicts finally ended in 1815,it had been feared that foreign corn
imports would lower grain prices, so British landowners appealed to the Houlse of Commons
to protect the profits of their farmers. The first of the Corn Laws was introduced stating
that no foreign corn would be allowed into Britain until domestic corn reached a price of
80 shillings per quarter. Although landowners benefited from this decree, among the working
classes this move was devastating. Artificially high corn prices meant that the bulk of
their wages would be spent on bread. With little money left for workers to spend on other
goods, manufacturing suffered , workers were laid off and slowly the economy began to

the country. A victory of sorts came with the reform Act of 1832, which extended the right
to vote ot a large proportion of the industrial merchant classes.The legislation enabled
their opinions and grievances to be officially recognised, yet little improvements were
seen by the working classes until Prime Minister Robert Peel took up the challenge. despite
strong opposition, Peel considered the objections of the Anti-Corn Law league , the series
of poor harvests and outbreaks of social unrest, as well as the Potato Famine then
decimating the population of Ireland. Peel agreed that the restrictions on foreign corn imports
were causing an unnecessary tax on food and a hindrance to British expors.

Eventually , in June 1846, the Corn Laws were abolished for good. There was initial
uncertainty when landowners and agriculturalists believed the would no longer be able to
command decent prices for their produce,yet their worries were short-lived and the farming
economy continued to thrive.The repeal of the Corn Laws was a watershed moment in British
history. After a long period of lucrative farming, the balance of power had grdually begun
to shift from the landed gentry to the industrialists. the beginning of the nineteenth
century was still dominated by agriculture and manpower, but within 40years industry would
begin to overshadow it.

Life in the Victorian Kichen:Culinary Secrets and Servant’s Stories


Have you ever read and old recipe, or and inherited family cookbook and wondered how your ancestors managed
long before the introdution of the microwave and freezer?Just how should you ‘coddle’ an egg,how would you
source a pineapple in the 18800s and what on earth wa mock turtle soup? Today we rarely take seadonal cooking
into cosideration, but long before the development of the modern supermarket ,the availability of produce
and ingredients dominated people’s lives.

Picture the scene:it’ a hot summer’s day and fields of corn sway gracefully in the gentle mid-afternoon breeze,
as jewel coloured kingfishers watch the world go by from the riverbank. Outside a tumbledown cottage children play,
skipping alongside the vegetable patch,chasing each other between the lines of freshly laundered washing,
whilst the aroma of hot fresh-baked bread wafts through the open kitchen window. Add appropriate costumes and a dash of makeup
and you could have walked onto the set of a television period drama.

Even before TV gave us historical adaptations, our forebears often romanticised life in the past through paintings ,
which presented a highly idealised view of the world. These images of rural life,where the mother of a brood of children
casually bakes bread on the kitchen table, seem carefree and easy – a moments in time captured on canvas. I often wish we
could revisit the same scene half an hour later to see the reality:the mother up to her armpits in washing, with the stone
floor to be scrubbed ,the fire to be stoked, and the ongoing dilemma of feeding eight with only one loaf of bread.

Although these artists secured rose-tinted snapshots of an era before the camera, the reality was of then harsh and unforgiving .
Summers in the Victorian countryside ,uninterruped by industry and bursting with the sights and sounds of nature must have been
glorious ,but what about the bleak winters,when fields of forstbitten crops brought little work for the menfolk,leaving their families hungry?

Period novels help to give us further perspective,enabling us to revel in the luxurious lives of the wealthy whilst feeling

grateful that we arenot exposed to the dire situations experienced by the poor.Jane Austen largely avoids the subject of poverty in her novels and
when she refers to the servants they rarely speak for themselves or reveal their thoughts
and feelings,only confirming the belief that at this time domestics were ‘seen and not
heard’.Jane showcased polite society in her upper middle class tales of Regency life but,
as the Victorian era dawned ,writers began to give a truer picture of the wildly differing,
living conditions experienced among the social classes.
Dickens offers a glimpse of the underbelly of nineteenth century society and criticises
the blind eye turned to it by the wealthy. Flora Thompson wrote of her late Victorian
Oxfordshire childhood in what now seems like a rural idyll,yet behind the everyday
occurrences she skilfully exposes the hardships faced by the hamlet dwellers compared to
their contemporaries in the nearby town.

During the period, the lives of the rich and the poor could not have been more
different.Their homes, amenities, employment choices and incomes were poles apart.In the
nineteenth century, your social status determined everything from the way you wore your
clothes to the food you ate.Etiquette was essential among the educated upper classes, but
the working classes didn’t have the time to linger over a leisurely breakfast.Employment
was hard to come by and easily lost ,so getting to work on time was their priority. They
didn’t possess multiple sets of cutlery, taking up a fresh one for each course,instead a
single knife fork and spoon for each family member.

For most ordinary working people , meals consisted of one simple course to deliberate
over, and they could only dream of the lavish, or the wherewithal to pay for them.Country
people would sow basic crops in their small kitchen gardens or on a rough patch of land
near their cottage and hope to grow enough produce to last the winter. Life was a constant
battle of finding work, putting food on the table, clothing their families and maintaining
their homes and ,on the rare occasion when the had a spare half an hour, they had very
little resources to do anything with it.

But every social class shared one common denominator. No matter what era we live in, our
lives revolve around food – what we eat,when we eat, the quantity of our food, or the lack
of it.As a result ,the kitchen has long been the heart of every home,whether a basic
cooking pot in a rural cottage or the bustling hub of a country mansion.
To fully understand the development of the Victorian kitchen, we must first look back at
the economic history of Britain and the inherited legacy left by previous generations.From
the battle to reduce the global price of wheat to the introduction of new labour-saving
methods and innovations,each event, incident and invention revolutionised life within the
home.The Victorians witnessed more rapid changes in mechanisation than in any previous
ear.Cooking over an open grate was commonplace at he start of Queen Victoria’s reign,but
when her era drew to a close gas and electric devices, ground-breaking technology and an
endless variety of ingredients from the Empire had opened up a new and exciting culinary
world to the British public.

Wholealelolita Preface

I want to explore a more intimate,personal and physical sort of history, a history from he
inside out:one that celebrates the ordinary and charts the lives of the common man, woman and
child as the interact with the practicalities of their world. I want to look into the minds of our
ancestors and witness their hopes, fears and assumptions, no matter how apparently minor. In
short, I am in search of a history of those things that make up the day-to-day reality  of
life. What was it really like to be alive in a different time and place?
History came to life for me as a hobby, but once that spark was lit it quickly became a
passion and, finally , a profession. From the very start, an element of practical
experimentation has been key to the way I try to understand the past . I like to put
time and effort into studying the objects and tools that people made and used, and
I like to try methods, and apparoaches out of myself.

Take , for example, a dark wool coat lying in a drawer at a small museum in West Sussex.
Heavily worn and lined with a patchwork of fabrics, it belonged to a farm labourer
and dates back to the 1880s. The coat reminds us that here was a man who sweated
and left stains on his clothes, who physically felt the cold and whose wift spent
hours carefully and neatly sewing upthe tear still just visibel on the right-hand side,
next to the buttons. When  I look at that careful repair, I’m reminded of the sewing textbooks in
use in Victorian schools for working-class
children. A trawl through the bookshelves leads to a set of instructions, accompanied by
beautifully drawn diagrams. With needle and thread in hand, I can attempt to follw these
instructions on a tear in one of my own garments. His wife was evidently well trained(particularly
if my own struggles are to be noted).Questions spring forth. How widespread wa such needlework
education. and was it likely to have been women who carried out work. would my Victorian
forebears have been quicker? when would the have fitted such a chore into their day?
Such intimate details of a life bring a feling of connection with the people of the past and
also provide a route into the greater themes of thistory. As a tear in a man’s coat can lead one
to question the nature of mass education, or to look into the global nature of the textile
industry, so too the great sweeps of political and economic life bring us back to the personal .
the international campaign against slavery and the American Civil War Would , in combination,
have devastated the trade in cotton,driving weavers back into huger. this would have pushed up the price of the labourer’s coat,
making the repair more necessary.
Queen victorian’s reign spanned more than sixty years and encompassed vast social , political and economic
changes,. Industries rose and fell and scientific revolutions overturned the old understanding of how the
world worked. Peoples’s ideas of right and wrong were chanllenged , and legislation was dragged along in the
wake. with all thes different things going on, how then,can one talk about what it was like to be a ictorian?
This book is my attempt.It’s a personal exploration, following my own fascinations, questions and interests.
there is much that I have missed , and there are many excellecnt books tha relate in more detail the political
,economic and institutional shifts of the period. I aim to peer into the everyday corners of Victoria’s British
subjects and lead your where I have wandered in search ofthe people of her age.
I have chosen to move throuth the rhythm of the day, beginning with waking in the morning and finishing with
the activities of the bedroom, when the door finally closes. Where I can , I have tried to start with the
thoughts and feelings of individuals who were there, taken from diaries, letters and autobiographies and
expanding out into the magazines and newspapers, adverts and advice manuals that sought to inform and shape public
opinion. Glimpss of daily life can be found in items that people left behind, from clothes to shaving brushes,
toys, bus tickets and saucepans. More formal rules and regulation give a shape to the experience of living, from
the adoption of white lines to mark out of football pitch to the setting of a standard of achievement for school
In this hunt for the ordinary and the routine I have tried to experience elements of the life myself. Many of
these experiences came when I spent a year on a Victorian farm, and later some time at a pharmacist’s shop, over
several television series. Others have come as part of my own ongoing explorations:testing recipes , making
clothes, follwing hygiene regimes, whittling toy soldiers. All thes experiences have been useful,if not
always successful,and have helped me frame questions and think more critically about what the evidence is telling
us. Ultimately, there is also a degree of empathy and imagination involved. Let us begin then, with imagining
ourselves waking up at the end of Victorian night.

Halloween Design Headdresses

Welcome to my Halloween Design Headdresses.
This Halloween headdresses is decorated in extravagant opulent with high-quality fabrics and with great attention to detail.
The headdresses are trimmed with braid trimmings.As chiffon ribbon,gorgeous flowers,beautiful sword peacock feathers used.
With pearls the decorated facial jewellery which can be formed arbitrarily and an absolute eye-catcher explains.
As usual, everything drapes very originally.An absolute unique piece in manual labour,
for somebody this headdress only would like to own, with a lot of love and patience of me for you conjured.
An opulent morbid Steampunk Ship Headpieces for Gothic, Costumes, Fancy-dress ball.


Quality Renaissance and Medieval Costumes

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Medieval  Dresses,Renaissance Gowns,Cloaks,Chemises,Petticoats and Hatsare
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Southern Belle Tartan Dress Women Halloween Costume


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Gothic Victorian Bustle Gown ~ Vampire Ball Masquerade Halloween Black Wedding Dress ~ Steampunk 19th century Period Costume

Gothic victorian bustle dress is made from Satin with beautiful beaded embroidery appliques and trims. This listing is for 2 pieces set includes the bodice and the skirt. It is not an “in stock” item, it will be made when the order is placed.

The bodice is lined with black soft cotton blend material and is lightly
boned. The bodice has a bustled back and a modesty panel, that is attached to underneath bodice to provide a fully finished look without skin or undergarments.
The skirt is bordered with a pleated ruffle and has zipper closure
at the side. The skirt has beaded appliques and is trimmed
and beaded as the bodice.

The gown shown on the pictures in a black Satin.   If you would like a similar model in other fabric or if you require any changes in decor, please be free to contact me.

In this dress the skirt is separate from the bodice. Also this dress requires a bustle cage (tournur) and underskirt (petticoat). In the pictures they are worn under the dress. I recommend wearing a bustle cage underneath the dress to give authentic period look.
The underskirt with train is worn under the dress so that the dress would keep its shape. And the train for the underskirt is required so that the train of the dress wouldn’t hang down on the floor. Please ask if you would like to order a bustle and/or petticoat.

Also you may ask about a custom designed gown just for you (I will open new custom listing).

This victorian gown will be perfect for a masquerade ball, period festivals, WGT, gothic wedding, alternative wedding, Venice carnival, Halloween, gothic party, Victorian events and any costume party.

19th century in New York City.

The Museum of the City of New York exhibition, Gilded New York, showcases beautiful design objects from New York’s Gilded Age as visual markers of the city’s metamorphosis into cultural capital. The new Tiffany & Co. Foundation Gallery, located on the City Museum’s third floor, will feature newly constructed, state-of-the-art display cases that evoke a Gilded Age domestic interior finished with herringbone wood flooring, decorative wallpaper, mirrored window shutters, draperies, as well as a historic chandelier and fireplace mantel from the Museum’s collections.


Gilded New York will be on view until November 30, 2014 and is a vivid exploration of the city’s visual culture at the end of the 19th century, when its elite class expressed their high status through extravagant fashions, jewelry, and decorative arts. Although often derided for its excess, the Gilded Age was also notable for its national aspirations in the arts and design. During these years, the United States—and its cultural capital, New York City—achieved a new level of sophistication in painting, sculpture, architecture, and the decorative arts, enabling the nation to compete for the first time on a world stage and giving rise to a golden age that was worthy of the name “American Renaissance.”